Wildlife Tours throughout Chile
On this 19-days Chile wildlife tour, you will discover the wildlife riches of this long and narrow country, extending along the west coast of South America.
You will have the unique chance to explore the magnificent Andes and to see how these impressive mountains have moulded contrasting habitats that will be evident as we move in latitude; from oasis valleys to puna bogs in the northern Andean plateau, from lakes, snow-capped volcanoes and lush rainforests to calving glaciers and wind-swept steppes in Patagonia.
These varied ecosystems hold a unique set of wildlife and we will be privileged to observe an iconic array of animals; from guanacos and vicuñas to foxes and dolphins plus a great variety of birds ranging from the mighty Andean Condor to King Penguin.
We will explore the world’s driest desert, the Atacama, and Lauca National Park, one of Chile’s gems. This impressive park is also a World Biosphere Reserve and teeming with wildlife in spite of the altitude.
Further south, the land breaks into hundreds of islands and fjords. We will have a comprehensive exploration of Chile’s Lake District and the picturesque and diverse Chiloé Island. Finally, Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, a remote land crowned with granite peaks, colossal glaciers and mythic waterways, is home to penguins, cetaceans and the impressive Puma.
This programme is operated on a fixed departure date, with a minimum of 6 participants and a maximum group size of 7 guests. This programme is also operated as a customized, private trip, with a minimum of 2 participants.
Chile Wildlife Tour Highlights includes:
• In-depth nature and photo journey to discover the wealth of wildlife and ecosystems found along with Chile.
• Explore with us two of Chile’s biosphere reserves: Torres del Paine and Lauca National Parks.
• Visit penguin colonies of three different species: King, Magellanic and Humboldt penguins.
• An interesting array of mammals including Guanaco, Vicuña, Viscacha, two species of otters, foxes, deer, dolphins and sea lions.
• A great variety of charismatic birds, from Andean Condors to stunning Inca Terns.
• A huge variety of habitats including active volcanoes, Andean bogs, lush temperate rainforests, fjords, steppes and glaciers.
• A study of the rich cultural history (and pre-history) from the people of the High Andes to the natives of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.
• Ideal journey for nature enthusiasts and photographers.
Would you like to visit the historical and breathtaking Falkland Islands? If so, this can be made possible on the Falkland Islands Wildlife Tour.
Our wildlife adventure begins today! From Santiago airport, you will catch a morning flight to Arica, Chile’s northernmost city. Arica lies between the Pacific Ocean and the steep coast of the Atacama Desert at 18°S.
Its shores and coastal valleys were the home of the Chinchorro culture, which mummified their dead already around 8,000 BC, pre-dating the Egyptians by several thousand years.
After our arrival, we will drive east across the barren Atacama, the driest desert in the planet, towards the mountains. Andean Swifts and Grayish Miners are possible bird species just before we reach the hyper-arid desert stretch, as we drive up to the highlands, to reach the foothills of the Andes and the charming village of Putre.
We will make a few stops along this interesting road, particularly to study closely the remarkable Chandelier cactus plus other desert vegetation growing in the barren hillsides. Close to Putre, we will find the old Inca fortress (or pukara) of Copaquilla, a complex of some 400 stone buildings defended by a double stone wall, dating from the XIIth century. The picturesque Andean town of Putre is located at 3,400 meters above sea level (11,483 ft); this Aymara village will be our base for the following three nights.
The gardens, cultivated terraces, eucalyptus groves and rocky walls surrounding Putre are the perfect habitat for Sparkling Violetear and Andean Hillstar, Golden-billed Saltator and Blue-and-yellow Tanager are among the range of exciting birds that occur here. If we’re lucky we might spot the rare Northern Huemul Deer (or Taruca) and herds of Guanaco in the surrounding hills. Night in Putre (Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
Today we will visit the breathtaking Chungara Lake, truly one of the highlights of the trip, but before reaching it we will stop by the tiny village of Parinacota. Parinacota means “Lake of the Flamingos”, and true to its name, the village is set among a group of lakes and ponds where these beautiful birds live.
The hamlet dates from pre-Inca days but it is better known for its old adobe and clay church, a fine example of XVIIth century Andean Baroque. The Altiplano (or High Andean plateau) is truly a “mecca” for wildlife and we will have the whole day to discover its many secrets and stunning landscapes.
Established to protect the highest lake in the world, Lauca National Park (and World Biosphere Reserve) supports a great diversity of puna specialties. All three flamingo species – Chilean, James’s and Andean flamingos are often found here. Chungara Lake will be the highest spot during our entire trip (4,500 meters / 14,763 ft) and is surrounded by awe-inspiring volcanoes; this is a magnificent place and probably one of the most beautiful vistas that we will have during our whole journey exploring Chile.
The lake is full of birds including the striking Giant Coot and noisy Andean Gull. The surrounding bogs, locally known as bofedales, hold interesting mammals, all specialized to the high altitude, such as herds of Vicuña and charismatic Mountain Viscacha.
The landscape of this area is dominated by the omnipresent and imposing Payachatas, meaning “The Twin Volcanoes”, the Pomerape, 6232m/20,446ft and the Parinacota, 6,110m/20,046ft, situated on the border with Bolivia. Night in Putre (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
To see the Surire saltpan at sunrise is certainly one of the most fascinating sights of the whole Chilean Altiplano, as the lake holds one of the largest concentrations of the rare Puna Flamingo. Puna Rhea, Puna Tinamou Chilean and Andean flamingos, Andean Lapwing and a large variety of waterfowl including Andean Goose, Puna Teal, Crested Duck and Speckled Teal are also found here.
Surire is reached after a nearly 3-hour drive from Putre, so an early start is required to see the lake at dawn. We guarantee that you won’t be disappointed! This salt flat is really a must for birders, especially if you like flamingos, for it is one of the very few places in the world where you can find all three species of High Andean flamingos in the wild, including the rare , range-restricted and endangered Puna Flamingo.
The critically endangered and even rarer Puna Rhea is also present in the area, and the lovely vizcachas living in the rocky outcrops just by the ranger’s hut will delight you with their tameness and funny antics. But it’s not only wildlife photographers that will be delighted, for this site offers superb landscape photography as well, with its salt flat, mountains and rock formations. Night in Putre (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
Today we will descend back to Arica for our explorations along the Pacific coast. We’ll visit the Lluta river mouth to look for shorebirds, and from here we’ll drive east into the Azapa valley where we’ll visit the University Museum which holds an impressive collection of Chinchorro mummies, the oldest in the world.
Later on, we’ll explore the valley in search of a wealth of desert-loving bird species such as Peruvian Sheartail and the odd-looking Slender-billed Finch. Azapa Valley is renowned for being an olive-growing country, and both its olives and olive oil are well known in Chile for their exceptional quality.
This is also the place where we will visit a unique “hummingbird garden”, an orchard whose owner has turned it into a small home preserve into which up to four different species of hummingbirds can be found flying around, feeding on the flowers and sometimes nesting on the trees, providing with great photographic opportunities.
These places are also remarkable for the presence of some giant geoglyphs that were left by the ancient natives in the slopes of hills dominating the valley. They date from at least 600-800 years BC and mostly depict scenes reflecting the semi-nomadic life of these ancient herders, like llama caravans, shepherds, birds and other wildlife and hunting scenes. Night in Arica (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
Early in the morning, we will take a short boat trip off Arica (c. 3 hours), to continue our search for the endemic seabirds of the Humboldt Current, especially the endangered Humboldt Penguin; other seabirds we should encounter include Peruvian Pelican, Guanay Cormorant and the stunning Inca Tern plus large numbers of South American Sea Lion.
These seabirds have always been known for producing huge amounts of guano, a prime fertilizer and source of nitrates that played a key role in the rise and development of the Inca Empire, and after the arrival of the Europeans, helped to fuel the economics of the Spanish Crown and establish the American colonies ruled from the Viceroyalty of Peru.
This boat trip along the coast south from Arica will give us some idea of the huge productivity of the Humboldt Current ecosystem as we contemplate the large seabird and marine mammal colonies present in the area.
After our lunch at Arica’s fish market, we will be driving along the Panamerican Highway and explore interesting valley of Chaca where we expect to see other desert specialties including Tamarugo Conebill and the critically-endangered Chilean Woodstar. Night in Arica (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
This morning we will take our flight back to Santiago and right after towards Puerto Montt. The city of Puerto Montt is located 600+ miles south of Santiago and is the entrance to Chile’s Lake District.
The topography south of here starts to break out, forming the maze of archipelagos and channels known as the Patagonian Fjords. We will be heading north this time and if is the skies are clear we will have the chance to admire a line of volcanos forming part of the southern section of the Andes; the most striking, no doubt, is Osorno and its almost perfect cone-shaped outlook.
The grasslands and agricultural fields are very reminiscent to those in the English countryside and are ideal habitats for common birds such as Black-faced Ibis, Chimango Caracara, Southern Lapwing, Chilean Flicker, Rufous-tailed Plantcutter, Common Diuca Finch and Grassland Yellow Finch.
Occasionally, noisy flocks of the endemic Slender-billed Parakeet are seen attending the fruit trees and orchards. Our base will be the delightful town of Puerto Varas, located along the shores of Llanquihue Lake. Night in Puerto Varas (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
This morning we will drive southwards to the ferry across the Chacao Channel; this short 30-minute ride offers great marine wildlife viewing opportunities and is likely we can see pods of Peale’s Dolphin, groups of South American Sea Lion and a great array of seabirds including Southern Giant Petrel, Sooty and Pink-footed shearwaters, Imperial and Red-legged cormorants, Peruvian Pelican and South American Tern.
Once in the island, we’ll take a scenic drive to the little fishermen’s cove of Puñihuil, where we’ll board a boat to the nearby islets that are home to several species of seabirds and marine waterfowl like Rock Cormorant, Kelp Goose and Flightless Steamer Duck, and especially, the only known mixed colony of both Humboldt and Magellanic penguins. Marine mammals like South American Sea Lion and Marine Otter are regulars here as well. Night in Puñihuil (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
For the morning we will have arranged a special boat excursion towards the wild west coast of the island, facing the Pacific Ocean.
This time we will spend more time at sea to have more opportunities for wildlife and aim to the impressive Metalqui Island. Pygmy Blue Whales, one of the races of the world’s largest living animal, are often seen from December until March.
Humpback Whales are often spotted here as well. We also have other great pelagic prospects such as the poorly-known Subantarctic Shearwater, which probably nests in this rugged, densely forested coastline. Metalqui is well known to hold a very large breeding colony of South American Sea Lion.
During the afternoon, we will visit the mudflats of Caulin Bay, an important stopover for flocks of migrating shorebirds which holds an important part of the world population of Hudsonian Godwit, a truly long-distance champion that winters here and in other extensive bays of Patagonia together with Red Knot and a variety of other shorebirds. Black-necked Swans are usually seen here at large numbers. Night in Puñihuil (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
Early in the morning we will head exploring the rural communities of the northern part of the island. Our destination is the picturesque Chepu River, a scenic watercourse bordered by lush and dense forest and clear waters that are home to a critically endangered species, the Southern River Otter or Huillin, which we’ll attempt to see by taking a boat trip.
The fairly large reed-fringed pond of Coluco is a also wonderful wetland habitat; we will enjoy here seeing large numbers of nesting waterbirds such as Black-necked Swan, Chiloe Wigeon, Cinnamon Teal, Red-gartered Coot, Brown-hooded Gull and Snowy-crowned Tern. We will also have chances to spot Coipo (a large rodent related to Capibaras), Osprey and passing flocks of the endemic Slender-billed Parakeet. Later we will drive to the magnificent Tepuhueico Park, a private reserve where we will spend the next couple of days exploring the lush Valdivian humid forest, looking for stunning wildlife. Mammals like Pudu Deer, and several frogs and lizards that live among moss and fern-covered tree trunks of these dense, lush woods, provide excellent chances for both wildlife and macro photography, as the miniature forests of lichens, fungi and mosses are home to a whole world of insects, amphibians and other tiny creatures living on the damp soil and old, fallen trees. Night in Tepuhueico (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
Early in the morning we will start exploring the imposing Tepuhueico, a private reserve where we’ll spend the whole day looking for wildlife.
The pristine Tepuhueico woodlands are part of the unique ecosystem known as Valdivian Temperate Rainforest. Tepuhueico has the reputation of being a highly reliable place to see the critically endangered Chilean endemic Darwin’s Fox.
A few hundred individuals of this fox survive in the ecotone between the dense temperate forests and the coast. We will have interesting walks in search of Darwin’s Fox, Pudu Deer (the second smallest deer in the world) and the Kodkod or Guigna (a very rare woodland cat). While searching for this array of enigmatic and poorly known mammals, we find several endemic birds of the Patagonian woodlands such as Black-throated Huet-huet, Chucao, Ochre-flanked and Magellanic tapaculos, Patagonian Tyrant, Des Murs Wiretail, Chilean Pigeon, Magellanic Woodpecker, Chilean Hawk and Green-backed Firecrown. Night in Tepuhueico (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
We will spend most of the morning exploring Tepuhueico. Later we will drive east to reach the picturesque towns in the protected eastern coast. Here we will concentrate in studying the cultural features including the famous stilt houses set right on the muddy shores and the wooden churches of the surroundings.
During the afternoon we will visit up to three churches, all representatives of the colonial wooden construction whose architecture was inspired by shipbuilding, a skill most old-time islanders mastered.
The churches we will potentially visit include those located at Dalcahue, Castro and Nercón. These wooden remarkable temples are regarded as World Heritage Sites and represent the legacy of the Jesuit missionaries who explored these intricate archipelagos in the XVII and XVIII centuries. Night in Tepuhueico (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
After meeting your guide at Punta Arenas, we will sail out bound for Magdalena Island, in the waters of the mythical Straits of Magellan, in Patagonia.
This protected area holds a huge Magellanic Penguin colony of more than 150,000 individuals. Besides the penguins, several other species of seabirds such as Imperial & Rock Cormorants, Dolphin and Kelp Gulls, Chilean Skua and South American Tern nest here. At approximately 8.30am, we will be reaching Magdalena Island and its imposing cliffs, teeming with wildlife. We will have one hour to explore the trail towards the center of the island, which ends at the conspicuous lighthouse which is now the ranger station.
We will be overwhelmed by the large numbers of penguins inhabiting every available spot of the island’s surface and by their raucous braying calls. Some of the penguins will be busy while landing, coming ashore from their feeding trips, taking a bath or preening and resting peacefully at the shoreline while others will be waking with its characteristic gait towards their burrows to incubate the eggs or attend their chicks. Several other seabird species breed in the island including Imperial and Rock Cormorants, Dolphin and Kelp Gulls, Chilean Skua and South American Tern.
South American Sea Lions occasionally patrol the coast looking opportunities to catch a distracted penguin. Night in Punta Arenas (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Breakfast)
From here you will be transferred to Torres del Paine National Park. During our journey to the park, we might find Guanaco, Southern Grey Fox, and Patagonian Skunk, while enjoying our first contact with Southern Beech (Nothofagus) forests. While visiting the valleys we will be given a geological interpretation of the origins of the dramatic backdrop of Torres del Paine, one of the finest natural spectacles in Patagonia.
We have planned a busy day and night schedule in search of Puma in the area. We will inspect the immediate surroundings of our hotel at night as well as the puma hunting grounds located in the eastern part of the park.
The area between the northern coast of Sarmiento Lake, Laguna Amarga and Laguna Azul, is known for holding one of the largest concentrations of puma in the wild. February through April is a particularly good period to look for them, as the females are actively hunting to provide food to their growing cubs; at this time they are not active just by night but also in the twilight.
To see a female puma and its large-sized cubs against this magnificent mountain backdrop and dramatic skies is one of the most impressive sights in this wilderness.
In the company of our guide and puma tracker we will follow puma family groups and watch them from a safe distance with the help of binoculars and spotting scopes. We’ll also look for other mammals around, including the ubiquitous Guanaco, Andean or Huemul Deer, Patagonian Hog-nosed Skunk and the two foxes present in the park, Chilla and Culpeo.
This morning we will explore the ponds on the eastern side of the park in search of more waterfowl, including Spectacled Duck, Chiloe Wigeon, Speckled Teal, Yellow-billed Pintail and Crested Duck among others. Black-necked Swan and Great Grebe are also found here. Cinereous Harrier and Black-chested Buzzard-
Eagle is often seen hovering in search of prey. Chilean Flicker, Striped Woodpecker and Austral Pygmy Owl will be our targets around a patch of secondary woodland. We will scan the white water rivers for the remarkable Torrent Duck. On the eastern side of the park, we’ll find groups of the southernmost representative of the camel family, the charismatic Guanaco.
The reed-fringed lagoons can be very interesting: Andean Duck, Silvery and White-tufted grebes, and with luck the elusive and recently re-discovered Austral Rail, are all present here. We will visit Lake Grey to enjoy the dramatic sight of its southern shore dominated by stunning blue icebergs, and the surrounding sub-Antarctic forests will provide with chances to see Thorn-tailed Rayadito, White-throated Treerunner, Austral Parakeet, Austral Blackbird and the striking Magellanic Woodpecker.
We will leave Remota and Puerto Natales, hopefully with many rewarding memories of our explorations and wildlife encounters on this beautiful corner of Patagonia.
We will drive eastwards across the vast wind-swept steppes and along the border with Argentina, which here is literally a straight, seemingly endless line. Pali Aike National Park and its many extinct cinder cones mark a place that breaks this uniform, big-sky country. The area was extensively occupied by long-gone Indians, and it has very rich archaeology and palaeontology.
The birdlife of the area is very interesting too, as we may find intriguing species such as the Least Seedsnipe, Tawny-throated Dotterel, Chocolate-vented Tyrant and the colourful Black-throated Finch.
We will take a short ferry ride across the narrowest portion of the Magellan Straits, where we expect to see the delightful and local Commerson’s Dolphin.
‘Tierra del Fuego’, the ‘Land of Fire’ is another landmark coined by the skilled navigator Ferdinand Magellan. In 1520, while crossing the seaways that now honor him, he and his crew spotted a line of bonfires along the coast of a huge landmass. Tierra del Fuego is now a land of endless wind-swept steppes, rolling hills and lush temperate forests; sheep-farming stations, locally known as ‘estancias’, are interspersed amidst these picturesque and colorful landscapes dominated by dramatic skies. We will continue our journey towards the small village of Porvenir. Night in Porvenir (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner)(Guide)
We will be driving for approximately two hours along the shores of Bahia Inutil (Useless Bay), where we expect to see a great array of wildlife including Guanaco, Southern Grey Fox, the ubiquitous Upland Goose, Chilean Flamingo and a diversity of waterfowl. At sea we may see albatrosses, petrels, gulls and skuas patrolling the turbulent waters of the bay.
Parque Pingüino Rey is a private nature reserve that aims to preserve the only known continental King Penguin colony. We will have ample opportunities to observe and photograph the penguins from a reasonable distance (maximum approach distance will be given by the guide and must be respected at all times during your visit).
We will enjoy a leisure morning while exploring the surroundings of Porvenir to photograph and learn about the particular wildlife and history of this remote corner of Patagonia.
We will visit its alkaline pools where there are large aggregations of migratory birds such as sandpipers and plovers, but the goal will be to photograph Chilean Flamingos. Later we will explore the coast to see some of the many shipwrecks that have occurred in these seas over the years.
After lunch we will be heading back to Punta Arenas by ferry. By taking the short ferry at Punta Delgada we will have great chances of seeing the striking Commerson’s Dolphin plus other interesting wildlife. Olga Teresa Ranch features the most accessible location in the world to see and photograph the world’s heaviest flying creature: the famous and majestic Andean Condor.
Reachable by car in only 60-70 minutes from Punta Arenas, Chile, the ranch protects, researches, and showcases a population of 100 Andean Condors that soar, socialize, and sleep at a 20-meter-tall, vertical rock face that itself is embedded in a steep, 200-meter-high (700-foot-high) hill. This condor spectacle is available at any time of day, but the best condor viewing generally is from 1500h to sunset.
The trip ends after breakfast with a complimentary transfer to the airport.
What is included?
- All accommodations
- meals and guide services as stated in the itinerary
- private ground transportation during the tour
- boat trips to Francisco Coloane Marine Park, two ferry rides, and park entrance fees
- A daily bottle of mineral water is also included
What is not included?
- Domestic flights
- tipping for restaurants and guides
- travel insurance
- entrance tax to Chile
- excess baggage charges, à la carte dishes, snacks, drinks, laundry, telephone calls
- anything else of a purely personal nature
- Anything that is not mentioned in "what is included"
Far South Expeditions is one of the most important nature tour operations in Chile. Our company, based in Punta Arenas, the capital city of Chilean Patagonia, was founded by Claudio F. Vidal and Enrique Couve in 1997, and since then we have specialized in offering high-quality birding, wildlife and nature expeditions for small groups and individuals.