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Steve Race, from Yorkshire Coast Nature, offers his top 7 wildlife photography tips for improving and taking better wildlife photos.

In no particular order here they are…

1. Time and Patience

The more time you dedicate to being in the field the better results you will obtain. There is always an element of luck with wildlife photography in which you may instantly come across a subject and get images, but the best method is to pick a topic or a theme and start thinking about a variety of ways to capture it.

2. Equipment

You don’t need the most expensive equipment to create good images. The camera and lens are just tools in a photographers kit bag. Yes, it is all about how to use a camera properly and use it to its true potential, but to stand out from the crowd you have to have a creative eye behind the lens.

3. Know Your Subject

To get up close to wildlife you need to learn about your subject. Take in to consideration their behaviour such as call, habits and when most active. The welfare of the animals is far more important than any photograph. This must be your top priority and is one reason why you need to know your subject well.

4. Composition

Try to keep most subjects from sitting in the centre of the frame. Make use of the ‘rule of thirds’ and frame to the left or right. Sometimes think out of the box, try something different and think about how the background will affect the subject.

5. Angles

Get down low to be at eye-level. This will help to establish a proper perspective of the subject. You can improve the composition of an image by the angle you take it just by moving to the left or right, laying down flat or kneeling, but be prepared to get dirty.

6. Backgrounds

The background of your photo is just as important as what is in the foreground. Try and keep the background clean not to cluttered by using a wide aperture and low f-stop number to blur out any distractions.

7. Light Conditions

Some of the best light conditions can be in the early morning and late evenings, this means getting up early in the morning and being in the field before sunrise, and going out in the afternoon to make the most of the last hours of sunlight. The exception is an overcast day, when the clouds filter out the light evenly.

Yorkshire Coast Nature offer a number of wildlife photography trips and workshops for wildlife enthusiasts.

Steve Race
Yorkshire Coast Nature 

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