Home > Blog > Peru > The Wildlife of Peru’s Natural Wonders

Peru Wildlife Tours

Whether you are an independent wildlife traveller, following your own path and letting yourself be swept along by the natural wonders of Peru, or someone who prefers a more structured experience, there are local tour companies that can ensure the ultimate wildlife experiences in a variety of different ecosystems.

Choose tropical rainforest, high Andean montane forests, coastal plains or the marine environment around off-shore islands and you will encounter each locations unique animal life. Peru will deliver the experience of a lifetime.

Lima is the customary starting point for international visitors for all Peru tours. From the city, you can travel to the coastal wildlife watching sites or go inland, to Cuzco in the south or Iquitos in the north, gateways to the Amazon rainforest, the high Andes and the Amazon River.

Lima and surrounds

Photo credit: InkaNatura Travel, Andean Cock-of-the-rock

Protected areas north of Lima:

Huascarán National Park

High mountains, glacial lakes and puna grasslands, for 120 bird species, spectacled bears, pumas and vicuñas.

Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park

Rainforest and cloud forest for jaguars, pumas, spectacled bears. The only known habitat of the Ctenophryne barbatula bearded frog.

Tingo Maria National Park

Montane forest which contains the Cueva de las Lechuzas cave where the unique oilbirds nest. Also known for Andean cock of the rocks, South American coatis, ocelots, and kinkalous.

Protected areas south of Lima:

Photo credit: Manu Birding Lodge, Humboldt Penguins

Ballestas Islands

Accessible on boat trips from the town of Paracas for sea lions, cetaceans and Humboldt penguins.

Paracas National Reserve

Desert, marine and coastal ecosystems for whales, dolphins, sea lions, Andean condor, Chilean flamingos, Humboldt penguins, and many wading birds.

Wildlife Specialist Tip

Along the Peruvian coast the cold waters of the Humboldt Current bring vast amounts of food, attracting large numbers of seabirds. Amongst the boobies, pelicans and gulls is one species considered a ‘must-see’ bird on any visit to Peru: the Inca tern. This bird’s elegant shape, dark plumage and long, whiskery feathers behind the bill make it easy to identify. It can often be seen resting on the buildings in fishing villages along the coast, and also perched on rocks, or even cruising along beside your boat.

Pampas Galeras Barbara D’Achille National Reserve

A vicuña sanctuary high in the mountains where you can also see Andean condors.

Outside of the reserves, birding sites near Lima include Pucusana fishing port where you can see Humboldt Penguin, Peruvian Diving Petrel, Peruvian Booby, Guanay and Red-legged Cormorants, Blackish Oystercatcher, Grey Gull, Inca Tern, and Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes.

Lomas de Lachay and the surrounding area where Peruvian Thick-knee, Least Seedsnipe, Oasis Hummingbird, Peruvian Sheartail, Coastal, Greyish and Thick-billed Miners, Cactus Canastero, Collared Warbling Finch and Raimondi’s Yellow Finch occur.

Laguna Paraiso on the Pacific coast, which is a good place for waders, gulls including Belcher’s and Grey, and terns including Peruvian.

A pelagic boat trip out of the port of Callao, on which the range of possible seabird sightings includes Waved Albatross, Hornby’s Storm Petrel, Swallow-tailed Gull and many other species of birds.

Further Reading

Northern Peru

Photo credit: Rainforest Expeditions, Brazilian Tapir

Protected areas:

Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve

Low hills and Amazon rainforest that floods seasonally creating important wetlands. Species here include South American tapirs, spider monkeys, Amazonian manatees, jaguars, pumas, giant otters, harpy eagles, scarlet and blue-and-yellow macaws, and swallow-tailed hummingbirds.

Wildlife Specialist Tip

The Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, covering an area of more than two million hectares, is located at the confluence of two large rivers, the Marañón and the Ucayali. There, between meandering waters and torrential rains, you should get good views of South America’s largest stork: the Jabiru.

Cordillera Azul National Park

Mountain valleys and highland swamps with harpy eagles, South American tapirs, jaguars, common opossums, sunbitterns, king vultures, tiger herons and bush dogs.

Rio Abiseo National Park

A river basin surrounded by montane forests, puna grasslands, tropical alpine, and dry forests. A place of high humidity and the only known location of the yellow-tailed woolley monkey. Also found there are jaguars, spectacled bears, Andean guans, hairy long-nosed armadillos and yellow-browed toucanets.

Cutervo National Park

This park was the first area to be protected in Peru, established in 1961. It contains montane forest and paramo grasslands, home to spectacled bears, mountain tapirs, giant anteaters, golden-headed quetzal and Andean cock of the rocks.

Photo credit: InkaNatura Travel, Spectacled Bear

Amotape Hills National Park and Tumbes National Reserve

Dry forest and the Tumbes River valley where you can find ocelots, jaguars, American crocodiles, mantled howlers, neotropical otters and grey-backed hawks.

Tamshiyacu Tahuayo Regional Conservation Area

Flooded forest run through by many rivers, this is a wildlife-rich area that features pink river dolphins as well as 240 species of fish, 77 amphibians and 45 reptiles, sloths, jaguars, manatees, giant river otters and giant armadillos. Although it does not have quite as many bird species as other areas, it is a place to see harpy eagles and hoatzins.

Outside of the reserves, Amazon River trips set off from the city of Iquitos and travel as far as the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve.

South-eastern Peru

Photo credit: Explorer’s Inn, Anhinga Snake Bird

Protected areas:

Manú National Park

A wide-ranging mix of Amazon rainforest, cloud forests and puno grasslands, famous for its clay licks, which contain a huge range of animals including over 1,000 species of birds, around 160 mammals, 155 amphibians and 132 reptiles. Star species, depending on which ecosystem you visit, include jaguars, giant otters, giant anteaters, spectacled bears, Andean cock of the rocks, Andean condors and giant hummingbirds.

Tambopata National Reserve

A young rainforest reserve, only established in 2000, but still important for conservation as it provides an important wildlife corridor in the region and is packed full of interesting animals. Here you can catch a glimpse of jaguars, pumas, ocelots, giant otters, jaguarundis, two types of sloths, harpy eagles and many different parrots and macaw species.

macaws on the clay link in PeruPhoto credit: Green Tours, Macaws Clay Lick

Bahuaja-Sonene National Park

This reserve shares a border with Tambopata and so provides the same habitats of lowland rainforest, river terraces and low mountains with harpy eagles, South American tapirs, marsh deer, maned wolves, giant otters and bush dogs.

Are you interested in a wildlife tour in Peru?

For more information, contact one of our Peruvian Wildlife Specialists to book directly your next wildlife adventure in Peru.


Sponsored by PromPeru
Peru Export and Tourism Board
https://www.peru.travel/birdwatching/

Recommended Articles