K’ Nature
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Starting From EUR 75 / per person
Group Discount Available
Starting From EUR 300 / per person
Group Discount Available
Starting From EUR 350 / per person
Southern European Waterbirds
A huge portion of the Italian coastline was once consisting in huge wetlands. While only small sections are stille present today, these still host a very high diversity of waterbirds. Among these, some are of particular interest, as for example the iconic flamingos and spoonbills, the uncommon pigmy cormorant and western swamphen, the beautiful black-necked stint, collared pratincole and glossy ibis, and the endangered ferrouginous duck. Not to forget is the high diversity of gull species with Audoin's and the slender-billed being probably the most fascinating.
Birds of Prey
Mountains, gorges, steppes and cliffs of Central and Souhern Italy represent a perfect environment for several species of raptors. While Matera and sorrounding cities have one of the healthiest population of nesting lesser kestrels of Europe, Sicily is one of the stronghold of the Bonelli's eagle. Concerning vultures, several populations of griffon vultures are present in the area, while egyptian vultures are a rarer, yet possible, sighting.
Southern European Iconic Birds
Among the hundreds of species of birds that is possible to observe in Central and Southen Italy it is mandatory to mention some of the most iconic for the southern European birds fauna. Some beautiful examples are the european roller, the european bee-eater and the stone curlew. When it comes to marine bird fauna Scopoli's and Yelkouan's sherawater well deserve a mention.
Migratory and Nesting Passerines
Being, for the migratory routes of several species, the first/last european country encountered during migrations, it is not surprising that Italy is one of the most interesting place where to birdwatching in Europe. All the coastline, and especially the islands, of Central and Southern Italy are a perfect stopover site for dozens of species of passerines. Rare species are often observed during migration. Among the migratory birds that nest in these areas several species of larks and shirkes, the red-rumped swallow and the collared flycatcher are just few examples.
Resident Passerines
Central and Soutern Italy have a remarkable diversity of passerines not only during migration but throughout the whole year. Examples of interesting resident species are the blue rock thrush, the crag martin, several species of warblers. sparrows and buntings and two species of choughs. Concerning Sicily and Sardinia also the spotless starling needs to be mentioned!
Large European Mammals
Central and Southern Apennines are considered among the best spots in Europe where to observe large mammals. The Pollino Massif in the south has been for a long time a stronghold for the persecuted italian wolf while Abruzzo is a real paradise for mammal lovers! Here it thrives the endemic marsican brown bear and ther are very high chances of observing the italian wolf, and the apennine chamois. red deers, roe deers and wild boars are always spotted. Apart from large mammals Italy is home as well to some endemic species with calabrian black squirrel being the most known example.
Endemic Amphibians
Central and Southern Italy host a unique assemblage of amphibians species characterized by a large number of endemics as for example the two species of spectacled salamander, the local subspecies of fire salamander, the italian newt and the apennine yellow-bellied toad. The amphibian fauna of Southern Italy includes as well species of african origin as the painted frog and the african green toad, both found in Sicily. Several species of endemic cave salamanders are present in Sardinia, with one representative also in Central Italy, the italian cave salamander.
Endemic Reptiles
The variety of landscapes present in Central and Southern Italy is strictly related with the diversity of its reptile fauna represented by a very high number (for european standards) of species of lizards, geckos and snakes. Endemic species, as for example the italian esculapian snake, and rare ones, as the meadow viper, together with more common, yet fascinating, species make Central and Southern Italy among the best places where to look for reptiles in the entire continent.

K’ Nature is planning to start a Conservation project in the montainous area of Calabria (Southern Italy) that consists in the creation of a network of ponds with the goal of helping the endangerad local herpetofauna and all the species related to these types of environments. This project is, at the moment, just a draft but we hope we can start to focus on it from spring 2021.

In the meanwhile part of the income from our scientific tours supports our reasearch activity in the field of wildlife conservation and ecology that resulted, so far, in several scientific articles published by our team on international journals.

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